Civil Society and Enlightened Welfare Politics
Note that whether the sign of the coefficient for public preferences in the policy representation analyses should be positive, the sign of the coefficient for policy in the public responsiveness analyses can be either negative, if a negative feedback prevails, or positive, if a positive feedback prevails (for a full discussion on feedback, see Soroka and Wlezien 2010, pp. 29–30). The first and longest part will address whether income has a positive effect on policy responsiveness, starting with some descriptive information. The second part will discuss the mechanisms of political participation, descriptive representation and interest-group lobbying, in turn. 4.1 Unequal policy responsiveness pondtotheirconstituents’preferencesindicates responsiveness whichisrequiredfor adequate representation. By contrast, others have conceptualized representation in terms of symbols or independent judgement, assuming little or even no correspond-ence between the substantive policy decisions of government oYcials and the preferences of citizens.
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Analysis of the relationships between opinion and policy over time in the different spending domains supports the conjecture. We propose to add to our understanding of how group interests are represented by conceptualising representation as the policy responsiveness of elected officials. Specifically, we measure policy responsiveness as the amount of American Indian substantive and symbolic legislation proposed and passed in state legislatures. Empirical analysis shows that public responsiveness, like policy representation, varies across policy domains and political institutions (Soroka & Wlezien, 2010). That representation is likely to be greater in salient domains is largely the product of representatives reacting in domains in which publics themselves are monitoring and reacting to policy change, for instance.
Ultimately, a responsive Political parties emphasize policy issues that have been prioritized by citizens. Our findings have important implications for political representation in Europe. congruence between parties and voters or government responsiveness, When will responsiveness yield the best policies?
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When At the heart of the article is a simple conjecture: representation varies across domains, and the pattern is symmetrical to the pattern of public responsiveness to budgetary policy itself. Analysis of the relationships between opinion and policy over time in the different spending domains supports the conjecture. We propose to add to our understanding of how group interests are represented by conceptualising representation as the policy responsiveness of elected officials.
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Political representation is understood as a way of 1) establishing the legitimacy of democratic institutions and 2) creating institutional incentives for governments to be responsive to citizens. David Plotke (1997) has noted that this emphasis on mechanisms of authorization and accountability was especially useful in the context of the Cold War. One aspect of democracy, related to the functioning of representation, is political equality. According to Dahl (On democracy, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1998), democracies should be both responsive and treat its citizens as political equals. This latter element may be taken to mean that democracies should be—more or less—equally responsive to their citizens. Footnote 19 It shows that legislators’ responsiveness to the policy preferences and low-income and high-income constituents depends on district-level union membership: as unionization increases, legislators’ responsiveness to low-income constituents increases, while their responsiveness to high-income constituents declines.
Rasmussen, A 2019, ' Policy Representation in Europe: The 2018 Peter Mair Lecture ', Irish Political Studies, bind 34, nr. 3, s. 327-349.
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political representation: one relates to issue congruence – how close a match there is between the wishes of voters and the policies enacted by governments. The other question relates to political responsiveness – the extent to which changes in political demands lead to changes in policy outputs. Policy Responsiveness. Political Knowledge and Policy Representation August 19, 2016; Boeing & the Public April 18, 2016; Lobbying and representation in Switzerland April 8, 2016; Connect.
Asad Liaqat. †. January 16 PhD Candidate in Public Policy, Harvard University. E-mail:
According to Hanna F. Pitkin, that normative standard is the representative's responsiveness: substantive representation is “acting in the interest of the represented
Good quality of representation presupposes that citizens actually notices and responds to policy changes since if this is not the case, politicians have poor reasons
investigated both representation and responsiveness in increasing detail, and results suggest that democracy works rather well, at least in certain policy
The article also discusses thermostatic public responsiveness, whereby public preferences for policy change reflect changes in policy. Keywords: representative
Dec 1, 2020 Democratic responsiveness implies that politicians are expected to be For democracy, policy representation is therefore concluded to be
Develops a theory of representation that can guide the democratization of and a vision of 'responsive global citizenship' that will reduce citizen passivity. Apr 23, 2020 While state policy is responsive – more liberal states These cases represent instances where legislators seemingly could have passed policy.
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av P Adman · 2011 · Citerat av 5 — made using a scale from 0–10, where higher values represent more trust. We summarized lute sense) with Swedish democracy and the responsiveness of the political system.15 Develop- Family Policy, Perceived Stress and Work-Family. av A Ahlgren · 2014 · Citerat av 1 — of an nfp has been evoked by international policy developments and a responsiveness to international recommendations can be interpreted as a represent family forest owners, 2 organisations represent ENGOs and 11 analys av kopplingen mellan masspreferenser och policyförändringar. in Representation" (pdf), PS: Political Science and Politics, nr 2 2008 "Income, Preferences, and the Dynamics of Policy Responsiveness" (pdf), PS: Workplaces can potentially represent both barriers to full-time work and opportunities for Even if the social and family policies vary among the Nordic countries, the Nordic “Thus, it is obvious that managers' responsiveness and sensitivity. The role of science and expertise in politics and policy processes has been put political recruitment and representation, political leadership, responsiveness, av PB Raven · 2006 · Citerat av 299 — at the centring point and is applied as an index of CBR responsiveness. A schematic representation of the neural mechanisms mediating How much value is represented in the abilities of your employees to work well as a team, Policy capturing was used to identify each subject's judgment method.
Responsiveness is most evident when public opinion and policy are each in a broad aggregate—the liberal versus conservative
focuses on two key goals of the LNP: representation, through the Education Support Pro-gramme, and responsiveness, through the Women and Children’s Protection Section. Assessed by these two metrics, the Liberian police reform can be considered a qualiﬁed success, as the percentage of female ofﬁcers rose from 2 to 17 per cent, and the LNP
responsiveness in the US and European countries. Second, we further elaborate on this studys expectations; we discuss why policy preferences across policy issues may vary across income groups, why policy outputs may be biased towards the rich and which factors could produce cross-country variation in unequal responsiveness. In this book, Byron E. Shafer and Regina L. Wagner draw systematically on new data and indexes to evaluate the extent to which party structure changed from the 1950s on, and what the consequences have been for policy responsiveness, democratic representation, and …
Responsiveness and Democratic Politics and Policy Virtual Special Issue from West European Politics Visit the journalThe idea of responsiveness is central to modern understandings of democracy.
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Analysis of the relationships between opinion and policy over time in the different spending domains supports the conjecture. Many ethnic minorities demand (adequate) descriptive representation in parliament because they expect it to affect the responsiveness of governments towards their demands. However, the mechanism of how minority representatives affect policy outcomes remains unclear. Empirical analysis shows that public responsiveness, like policy representation, varies across policy domains and political institutions (Soroka & Wlezien, 2010).